The Fallow Deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. This common species is native to western Europe but has been introduced widely elsewhere.
The male fallow is known as a buck. Adult bucks can weigh 130 to 220 pounds. The species has great variation in the color of their coats, with four main variants: white, chestnut/spotted, chocolate, and black. White fallow are considered the rarest of the species.
The chestnut fallow have coats with white mottles that are most pronounced in the summer and have a much darker, unspotted coat in the winter. They have a light colored area around the tail, edged with a black stripe.
Only bucks have antlers, which are broad and shovel-shaped (palm) from three years of age. In the first two years, the antler is a single spike. They are grazing animals, and their preferred habitat is mixed woodland and open grassland. During the rut, bucks will spread out and females will move between them. At this time of year, they are relatively ungrouped compared to the rest of the ear when they try to stay together in groups.
The most common color among fallow deer is chocolate. They are typically darker chocolate on the upper body with a lighter chocolate on their belly. Their tails can be dark chocolate or black.
Most fallow herds consist of the same color coats although it is not uncommon to see other fallow mixed into a herd.